Alopecia aka Alopecia areata is a condition in which hair is lost on some parts of the human body and as a result of which bald spots can be seen on those specific areas. Some physicians believe that Psychological stress may be the reason behind the symptom. It is believed that Alopecia is a autoimmune disease, and it may be hereditary.
Alopecia areata is a a type of hair-fall that occurs when the immune system by mistake attacks hair follicles from where loss of hair starts. As per study it is most common in people younger than 20 years old and it may affect people above 50 years of age.
Signs and Symptoms of Alopecia Areata
In general the first symptom is bald patches, in some cases there may be round hairless patches or it may grow and break-off. In rare cases complete loss of hair occurs, the hairs usually grows back again in a span of few months. As per latest reports only 10% people in the world suffers complete hair fall. Take a look at the symptoms of AA:
1. Have the condition before puberty or the condition persists for more than 1 year.
2. Family condition like Hereditary diseases.
3. If the patient is suffering from another autoimmune disease.
4. If the person is going through excessive hair fall.
5. Prone to allergies.
Causes of Alopecia Areata
This is thought to be a systemic autoimmune disorder in which human body attacks its own anagen hair follicles and stops or supresses hair growth and genetic researches reveals that people who have affected family members are quite prone to this symptom.
Most common types of hair fall that includes male-pattern hair loss and the cause if a combination of genetics and male hormones, it is quite unclear what is the exact reason behind female-pattern hair loss but in females Telogen effluvium is very common post pregnancy.
Diagnosis of Alopecia Areata
In general diagnosis is based on clinical features and Trichoscopy may play an added advantage to the procedure in which the result shows regularly distributed “Yellow Dotts” and small exclamation-mark hairs. Apart from that it can be easily diagnosed with some other methods such as Biopsy, Histologic findings etc.
Treatment in Homoeopathy
In other forms of treatments none of the existing therapeutic options are curative or preventive but in case of Homoeopathy in most of the cases massive success rate has been achieved and it takes a bit long time to see permanent and curative results.